EU countries have not accounted for their complicity in CIA secret detention and torture
The parliamentary wing of the EU has stood up for values for which the whole union is now rewarded. However, the European Parliament has not always had a constructive response from member states or even other parts of the EU structures in Brussels.
Last month the parliamentarians adopted a major resolution urging member states to come out with the truth on their involvement in the secret CIA program in the “war on terror”. Their position was based on a thorough, factual report spelling out facts about European complicity in crimes of torture, secret detention and enforced disappearance.
The parliament criticized the fact that these serious human rights violations had not been properly investigated - despite mounting evidence compiled by international human rights institutions, civil society groups and some media.
European governments provided the US Central Intelligence Agency with the conditions to fly apprehended suspects to clandestine interrogation centres. We also know that severe torture was used in these “black holes”, including waterboarding (simulated drowning), mock execution and threats to the family members.
All detainees brought to these secret interrogations centres, as well as numerous other suspects handed over to CIA, were subjected multiple times to the degrading and disorientating process of rendition: invasively stripped naked, drugged, shackled and subdued, then forced aboard hired private aircraft to be flown to destinations and fates unknown.
Secure facilities were furnished in Poland, Romania and Lithuania to meet the CIA's demand to hold its high-value detainees, or "HVDs", in absolute secrecy. For long, the Governments of these countries were in total denial about this cooperation.
Now, at long last, investigations are underway in Poland. A judicial inquiry is conducted by a group of special prosecutors in Krakow. According to the press, the former head of security services was informed that he would be charged. However, there are some concerns that progress is slow, in particular regarding the very decision to allow CIA to set up its interrogation centre in the country.
In Lithuania it was established through a parliamentary committee that two sites had indeed been equipped for secret detention by CIA. However, the general prosecutor has closed his investigation arguing that no evidence had been produced indicating that these were in fact used. European parliamentarians, non-governmental groups and attorneys have pleaded for a re-opening of the investigations.
The Romanian authorities have so far kept a position of total denial and there has been no serious investigation in spite of convincing documentation provided by Council of Europe and others. Only after the European Parliament resolution did the Romanian President Basescu admit that an independent judicial investigation ought to be undertaken. If followed through, this would certainly be an important step towards putting an end to the atmosphere of impunity.
Hiding the truth can only undermine the credibility of the European promise of human rights and democratic values. The EU Commission, the Council and member states should take the parliament report and resolution very seriously. Europe must come clean about what was done in the name of our common security. Robust investigations and prosecutions must be pursued wherever violations have occurred.
Helene Flautre (Member of the European Parliament and its rapporteur on the CIA program in Europe)
Thomas Hammarberg (Former Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights)